Gastric Sleeve, also named Sleeve Gastrectomy, is the bariatric procedure for extracting a large portion of the stomach, leaving just a narrow sleeve or tiny tube in the stomach, that will avoid having large amounts of food.
As a result, the patient will lose weight because he/she will feel satisfied with less food due to the small size of the stomach.
Besides, the procedure eliminates the top portion of the stomach that produces ghrelin, the so-called hunger hormone. Without it, the patient will be satisfied with less food.
Another result is decreasing the production of the gastric acids that break down the food, reducing the absorption of food by the body.
The results are permanent, and the stomach will not grow again.
For the obese patient, Gastric Sleeve is the opportunity for a dramatic weight-loss, improving their health condition and self-esteem.
The Gastric Sleeve is one of the procedures that the doctors recommend to patients with severe obesity to avoid many risks for health. Obesity puts the health in danger associated with conditions as high blood pressure (hypertension), heart stroke, diabetes, high blood cholesterol, or osteoarthritis, among others.
After the surgery, the patient loses weight month by month, and after a year, he/she reduces 60-70 percent of their weight.
For example, a person who has now 100 kg or 220 pounds, it is realistic to expect to reduce at least 40 kg / 88 pounds after 12 months.
The less invasive procedure with laparoscopy
In Vive Plastic of Tijuana, we perform Laparoscopic surgery, which means the insertion of a tiny video camera by a little incision, with no open cuts or scars, and reducing the risk of complications.
Among other bariatric surgeries, as Gastric Bypass or Gastric balloon, Sleeve Gastrectomy is less invasive.
The surgeons will make all the operations from outside of the body, just seeing the procedure by a monitor.
Gastric Sleeve operation requires that the patient prepares at least a month before. Eating healthy food and avoiding tobacco, alcohol, or non-prescribed drugs.
During the operation, the patient will have general anesthesia, which means that he/she will be completely asleep.
The surgeon will use laparoscopic surgery, a tiny camera device inserted in the body, which allows him to operate from the outside with less scarring and less time for recovery.
1.- The surgeon introduces a tube in the stomach, to maintain the desired shape of the stomach.
2.- The doctor practices a cut to eliminate a large portion of the stomach.
3.- With a surgical stapler, the medical team suture the stomach.
4.- The surgeon extracts the tube and the eliminated portion of the stomach.
5.- The small incisions used for the instruments and the camera are sutured with minimal scars.
After a few hours after the surgery, the patient can walk and start the recovery process.
For the first ten days, the patient will not feel hunger and should eat fruit juices and soft meals. After two weeks, the patient may start eating regular food.
Usually, a month after the surgery, the patient may resume his/her regular activities under the supervision of the medical team.
The medical team will be monitoring the progress, with the assistance of a dietitian and regular examinations.
The patient will see fast results month by month and will see the final results after a year.